Express news service
BENGALURU: If you’re planning to try your hand at music production, the good news is that you can easily get started from the comfort of your home. At first, it can be difficult to fully grasp all of the different technical terms used in the process. To make it easier for you, we’ve compiled a glossary of music production terms you need to know as soon as you start:
DAW stands for Digital Audio Workstation. It is an application which is used to record, edit and output audio. Some well-known examples of DAWs are Logic, GarageBand, and Ableton Live.
Bouncing means exporting a track – usually in mp3 or wav format.
EQ stands for equalization. It uses an audio filter to isolate specific frequencies in order to boost or cut them (without changing the rest of the track in the process).
This means combining multiple recorded tracks (singing different parts, playing instruments, etc.) and adjusting the audio levels of each to create a balanced track. The final mix is also called a master mix.
While mixing is all about combining individual recordings into a single track, mastering is the final process your track goes through before it is released. In case you are producing an album, this is the stage where the tracks are put in order. Here you need to make sure that the final track sounds consistent across different formats and platforms.
Pan means placing the sound in the left or right speaker.
It stands for Musical Instrument Digital Interface. It is one of the most powerful tools in music production and it records data and notes with software and electronic instruments.
It is the reflection of sounds on surfaces. Producers can add more reverb electronically using plug-ins.
While these are the technical terms in music production that you need to know, it’s also important to understand the parts of a song and what they mean. The average pop song consists of the following parts:
- Verse: This is where the storytelling takes place. The first verse gives listeners an idea of what the song is about, the second verse builds on that idea, and the last verse (if there is one) concludes the idea.
- Chorus: Musically and lyrically, the chorus is the climax, or “big idea” of the song. This is where the singer hits the highest notes. If the song uses instrumentation, the chorus is where they all come together.
- Pre-Chorus (not all songs have this necessarily): If the song has a pre-chorus, it is used to connect the verse and the chorus. It adds a little more to the ongoing story and leads the listener to the chorus.
- Bridge: Musically and lyrically, the bridge is different from the verse and the chorus. It takes the song in a different direction; if the verse describes a story that unfolds over time, the bridge may take a different perspective (for example, the lyrics may describe what someone else was doing during that time).
Each part serves a different purpose within the larger context of the song and the story it is trying to tell. We recommend that you listen carefully to famous pop hits and identify the different parts of each song.